How to make execution pause, sleep, wait for X seconds in R?


Question

How do you pause an R script for a specified number of seconds or miliseconds? In many languages, there is a sleep function, but ?sleep references a data set. And ?pause and ?wait don't exist.

The intended purpose is for self-timed animations. The desired solution works without asking for user input.

1
111
1/17/2014 3:03:00 PM

Accepted Answer

See help(Sys.sleep).

For example, from ?Sys.sleep

testit <- function(x)
{
    p1 <- proc.time()
    Sys.sleep(x)
    proc.time() - p1 # The cpu usage should be negligible
}
testit(3.7)

Yielding

> testit(3.7)
   user  system elapsed 
  0.000   0.000   3.704 
130
7/21/2013 8:00:31 PM

Sys.sleep() will not work if the CPU usage is very high; as in other critical high priority processes are running (in parallel).

This code worked for me. Here I am printing 1 to 1000 at a 2.5 second interval.

for (i in 1:1000)
{
  print(i)
  date_time<-Sys.time()
  while((as.numeric(Sys.time()) - as.numeric(date_time))<2.5){} #dummy while loop
}

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